Record-breaking carbon emissions forecast for 2018
Glaciers are melting; sea levels are rising. And 20 of the hottest years on record have occurred since 1996.
A new report projects that annual global carbon emissions will reach an all-time high this year.
Carbon emissions from human activity are driving climate change and curbing them is a central aim of the Paris Agreement, which aims to keep the global temperature rise well below 2 degrees Celsius, and if possible to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
After decades of growth, global CO2 emissions plateaued between 2014 and 2016, and there were hopes they had peaked. But fossil fuel emissions rose by 1.7% in 2017 and are set to rise 2.7% this year, to 37.1 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2), according to figures published today.
The new data has been produced for an annual report called the Global Carbon Budget. It's produced by The Global Carbon Project, an international research project on global sustainability.
The report says this year's record fossil fuel emissions are mostly due to an increase in global coal use, which could soon exceed its 2013 peak if growth continues. It also projects increased emissions from transport, including aviation.